t o w n & c i t y
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Pharaoh Ramesses II
The Abu Simbel site covers two temples next to each other.
The largest one is to glorify Ramses II, the famous four huge statues at its facade all show himself at various ages. The second temple at Abu Simbel is dedicated to Nefertari, one of the wives of Ramses II who was of Nubian descent. Nefertari’s name means the most beautiful.
The twin temples were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC
, as a lasting monument to himself and his queen Nefertari, to commemorate his alleged victory at the Battle of Kadesh, and to intimidate his Nubian neighbors.
Keeper of Harmony
Ramesses II was the third pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty (1292-1186 BCE) who claimed to have won a decisive victory over the Hittites at The Battle of Kadesh and used this event to enhance his reputation as a great warrior.